Plasterboard: what types exist and what is it used for?

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In this short guide you will find out everything you need to know about plasterboard, one of the most important building materials along with plaster.

The origin of plasterboard

The plasterboard was invented in the 19th century by the American Augustine Sackett and today it is undoubtedly one of the most versatile and widely used materials in the building industry, especially in buildings that have to be constructed or renovated in a short time. It is readily available in DIY shops at an affordable price and can be purchased in panel or sheet form.
A plasterboard wall can be 8-10 cm thick and is composed of two sheets and a cavity made of an insulating and/or sound-absorbing material.

Types of plasterboard

There are two main categories: general plasterboard and moisture-resistant plasterboard. But that’s not all. You will also find other types of it, each developed with a specific purpose.

Generic plasterboard

The Generic one (dry plaster) is incredibly quick to install and easy to use. It consists of two layers of cardboard or construction paper, further strengthened by special filling materials. In fact, gypsum plasterboards are very durable and are mainly used for the construction of partition or cladding walls and ceilings.

Moisture-resistant plasterboard

This second type has the same structural characteristics as the first, but it has additional protection that allows plasterboard sheets not to wear out over time even in particular conditions of humidity and temperature changes, such as in bathrooms and laundries, environments with a high presence of steam.

Fire-resistant and sound-insulating plasterboard

In addition, it is worth mentioning two other important types, which are increasingly used in the building industry, especially by those with special needs and requirements in their homes or offices.
Fire-resistant plasterboard, for example, is widely used on walls adjacent to heat sources such as fireplaces and kitchenettes and it is tested to withstand high temperatures.
Sound insulation plasterboard, on the other hand, is mainly used by those who would like to preserve a certain level of acoustic privacy by eliminating noise. This is possible by increasing the thickness of the boards used.

Advantages and application

The two main advantages are undoubtedly its speed of installation and versatility. As already mentioned, the main use of it concerns partition walls, whether it is a new construction or a renovation. In order to realize this type of wall, it is necessary to lay a metal structure onto which the sheets are then fixed by means of special screws, which are then covered with plaster. The gap between the two slabs is then filled with insulating materials.
Another case in which it is used is in the construction of counter walls or false ceilings. In both cases, it is possible to insert electrical installations, cables or pipes into the cavity, thus enhancing the aesthetics of the room.
Finally, you can use plasterboard to furnish your home by inserting shelves, small wall bookcases, but also to install sliding doors and frameless doors, such as those in Ermetika’s Classic and Absolute lines.

frameless sliding door - plasterboard - Ermetika

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After discovering everything you need to know about plasterboard, read more about plaster types and Ermetika products!